What is Ebola? What is Ebola? OR Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)

What is Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)?
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What is Ebola? What is Ebola? OR Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)

Ebola is not a new found disease and was in fact known as Ebola Haemorrhagic fever prior to be referred to as Ebola Virus Disease nowadays. It’s highly fatal to humans and is spreads to humans either through wild animals or through contact with other patients who suffer from the disease. During the recent outbreaks the fatality rates has seen a significant variation between 25%-90% and the initial outbreaks were reported in Central African remote villages located near rainforests. One of the key measures which could be taking to control these outbreaks is by improving community engagement, better laboratory services, safer burial rites, improved surveillance and contact tracing. However there are a few means by which survival could be improved by pursuing tasks such as symptomatic treatment and rehydration, however it should be noted that currently there isn’t any licensed treatment available in order to completely neutralise the virus in the body, although development is in progress for several drug therapies. Ever since it was discovered in 1976, its largest outbreak was known in Western Africa during March this year and has spread to several countries including Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Nigeria and Senegal.

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It’s often assumed that a common host for the Ebola virus is the Pteropodidae family fruit bats and it spreads to humans through close contact with gorillas, chimpanzees, monkeys, fruit bats, forest antelopes and porcupines irrespective whether they are alive or dead. Due to this people should take caution even when burying a person who has suffered with Ebola because close contact with the body could lead to the transfer of the virus to the other individuals as well from the dead body. It takes roughly 2 days to 3 weeks for the symptoms of the virus to develop in the body and people are not infectious until they develop the symptoms of the disease. As it is quite difficult to diagnose a patient suffering with Ebola some of the investigations which are carried out for this purpose includes but are not restricted to,

- Neutralizing serum
- ELISA (Enzyme Lined Immuno Sorbent Assay)
- Antigen capture detection test
- Electron microscopy
- Virus isolation through cell culture

Special Care Notes to prevent the transmission of the ebola virus

Doctors, nurses and other medical professionals should take the necessary measures to ensure that they are properly covered prior to working with the Ebola patient in order to prevent the transmission of the virus through contact with their body or even clothing and bedding! Face protection is recommended if an individual get closer than a metre to the individual and a long sleeve not sterile gown with gloves should also be worn for total body protection.

What is Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)?

What is Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)?

Information Credits: http://www.etcpb.com/

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